Text-Only Instructions

Credits and Resources:

This is a traditional model.

Instructions with supporting pictures and/or illustrations can be found here at

Paper to be used: Square, any size; use newspaper or gift wrap for wearable hats; experiment with different sized paper.

Folding level: Easy/Beginner

Steps: 13

Description: This is a simple, wearable hat or helmet, resembling those worn by Japanese samurai warriors. It has a slightly curved brim in the front with a pointed triangular part at the center and what could be described as an outward slanting "horn" or "wing" at each side.


Hats are great fun to make and wear for adults and kids alike and can come in very useful for getting into the mood for all kinds of festivities or dress-up parties.

Recycle newspaper or gift wrap for wearable hats and decorate them to suit the occasion.

Save on the cost of buying party hats by including folding and decorating these helmets as a fun party activity and send each kid away with his or her own origami masterpiece.

Have fun with kids creating a few hats for dolls and other soft toys or characters.

Using origami or other colored paper will form an attractive pattern, making this helmet even more eye-catching.

Try bright or metallic colors like gold, silver, red, green and dark blue.

If using two-sided paper, lay your paper with the patterned or colored side down before starting to fold.

Step 1

Place a square piece of paper down on a hard, flat surface so that it forms a diamond shape.

Step 2

  Fold the top point down to meet the bottom point to form a triangle.

Crease and leave folded.

You should now have a triangle with the closed long edge farthest away from you and the point facing you.

Step 3

  Fold the top left point of the triangle over to meet the top right point in order to create a center vertical crease line.

Crease lightly and unfold.

Step 4

  Now grasp the left top corner of the triangle and fold it downwards and inwards to lie along the vertical center crease and meet the bottom point of the triangle.

Crease and leave folded.

Step 5

  Repeat with the top right corner.

You should now have a diamond shape with two flaps that are  lying along the vertical center crease line of the model.

Step 6

Next, bring the bottom point of the left flap up to meet the top point of the model again.

Crease and leave folded.

Step 7

Repeat with the right point.

You should now have a model with two triangles at the top and one larger triangle, comprising two layers of paper, at its bottom.

Step 8

Take the tip of the top left flap and fold it outwards and a little upwards to form the left "horn" or "wing" of the helmet. Press flat.

Step 9

Repeat with the right triangle so that both sides of the model have symmetrical "wings" or "horns".

Step 10

Bring the bottom point of the model– top layer only – up toward the top point, but not all the way. 

Try to fold the point up approximately three-quarters of the way. 

The exact point is not critical, as long as you have some paper left for the next step.

Step 11

Fold up the entire bottom edge of the top layer of the helmet as far as it will easily go. Crease and leave folded.

This forms the brim of the helmet.

Step 12

Turn the model over and fold its bottom point up to meet the top point. Crease and leave folded.

This forms the back of the helmet.

Step 13

Turn the model over again. Place your thumb and forefinger between the layers of paper and gently open the helmet.

Decorate or embellish as desired.

Making origami accessible to visually impaired crafters through text instructions.

for non-commercial use only.

Compiled by Lindy van der Merwe, November 2009

Revised, September 2022